Despite the huge advancement of science and technology, the ultimate cure for cancer is something that is still out of reach for us humans. Though cancer can affect any organs of our body, it is lung cancer which is the most threatening as it affects our ability to breathe.
Lung cancer is responsible for about of 1.8 million deaths worldwide. Disturbingly, this number is growing at a high rate . Here is everything you need to know about lung cancer, how to read the early signs, prevention and treatment options.
What Is Lung Cancer?
It is the most dangerous type of cancer as the cancerous cells divide uncontrollably, causing multiple tumours in your lungs which can compromise your ability to breathe.Causes Of Lung Cancer
Being exposed to cancer-causing ingredients such as carcinogens most commonly found in cigarettes, damages the inner linings of the lungs. Though the cells have the ability to repair themselves, they become weaker due to constant exposure. This causes the cells to turn cancerous, giving rise to tumours.
Typically, habitual smokers are of the foremost people to get affected by lung cancer . However, it is known to happen to non-smokers as well, mainly in people who are exposed to second-hand smoke.
Lung cancer is known to be prevalent in people who are regularly exposed to chemicals or other toxins inhaled regularly. People in the mining industry are at a very high risk of developing lung cancer .
Being regularly exposed to high levels of pollution and radon are growing to be other major reasons for the development of lung cancer.Types Of Lung Cancer
Generally, there are two types of lung cancer .
Stages Of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is divided into different stages based on how far the cancer cells are spread. These are the different stages of lung cancer.
Typical symptoms of lung cancer include the following.
It is important to understand these symptoms and get yourself tested, more so if you are a smoker or someone who is exposed to chemicals and toxic fumes regularly.Early Signs Of Lung Cancer
The common symptoms of lung cancer may take a while to show up. Therefore, you may look for some of the early signs of lung cancer. These signs usually mean that the cancer is at Stage 0, thereby giving you more chances to survive.
If the doctors notice a tumour or lump in the initial screenings, you may have to go through a number to test before being diagnosed for lung cancer. Some common tests to diagnose lung cancer are as follows:
There may be a number of complications arising due to lung cancer.
Treatment of lung cancer is usually dependent on the location and the stage of cancer. Your overall health will also be taken into account before finalising the treatment of your lung cancer. Due to advancement in the medical field, there are a lot of treatment options available for you to beat lung cancer. Possible treatment options include the following:
There are a number of factors that increase your risk of developing lung cancer. Though some factors can be controlled, there are others which are often uncontrollable. They include the following:
Tips For Preventing Lung Cancer
Though we may never be able to shield ourselves from lung cancer completely, there are a few tips that will help you prevent it.