Experiencing twitchiness and discomfort in the legs, usually after going to bed, could indicate the presence of restless leg syndrome (RLS) . As this condition can lead to insomnia, it is also considered a sleep disorder. This condition is also known as Willis-Ekbom disease . The movements that occur when a person has this condition are called periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) . For people with primary restless leg syndrome, there can be no cause in particular. However, for secondary restless leg syndrome, it is typically associated with pregnancy, iron deficiency or chronic kidney failure.
Read on to know more about this condition.What Is Restless Leg Syndrome?
RLS is a condition where the person experiences an unexpected urge to move his or her legs . This urge is triggered by an uncomfortable sensation (such as crawling, creeping or tingling feelings). Moving is said to ease the unpleasant feeling temporarily.
This condition can begin at any age. It disrupts sleep, which in turn, interferes with daily activities. Doctors attribute the occurrence of this disorder to certain mental or physical problems. In some cases, this condition can also be identified as an adverse effect of some medications . It can be classified as mild or severe, depending on the frequency and severity of the symptoms.
However, it is satisfactory to know that a large number of RLS cases resolve on their own over time.Symptoms Of Restless Leg Syndrome
The prime symptom is the urge to move the legs. The other accompanying symptoms are as follows :
The sensations associated with RLS usually happen on both sides of the body. Very rarely, it affects the arms.
The sensations on the limb can be described as follows :
The symptoms can fluctuate in severity.Causes Of Restless Leg Syndrome
Although there is no known cause for RLS, researchers attribute this condition to an imbalance of the brain chemical dopamine (which sends messages to control muscle movement) .
This condition can develop at any age, even during childhood. This disorder is more common in women than in men. This disorder can sometimes accompany the following conditions:
Blood tests conducted would particularly be to check for iron deficiency. In some conditions, the doctor might refer the patient to a sleep specialist.Treatment For Restless Leg Syndrome
In case the symptoms of RLS cannot be managed, the following medications might be prescribed :
If certain underlying conditions are the cause behind RLS, then this condition might go away when the underlying cause is treated.
Lifestyle And Home Remedies For Restless Leg Syndrome
The following simple lifestyle changes can help you alleviate symptoms of RLS: