Pregnancy demands some extra care and concern. If you are a diabetic pregnant woman, you have to be more cautious. Diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. This will put your pregnancy into the risk category due to chances of miscarriage, birth defect, stillbirth, premature birth and oversized baby . Gestational diabetes is divided into two classes, Class A1 (which can be controlled through diet alone) and Class A2 (requires insulin or oral medications to control the condition).
When a woman conceives, her body goes through a lot of changes and also, she may be prone to certain disorders that are specific to pregnant women. When a woman undergoes gestational diabetes, the blood sugar levels may increase drastically and this can cause certain other issues both for the baby and the mother .
Consequently, one of the issues that have been much heard of these days during pregnancy is the occurrence of gestational diabetes. The hormone levels can make the blood sugar level rise when you are pregnant, raising the odds of having a complicated and high-risk pregnancy. However, one is always advised to stay positive even if gestational diabetes has been diagnosed .
Gestational diabetes only occurs during pregnancy. It indicates high levels of sugar during pregnancy which was normal before you conceived. The condition usually gets cured once you deliver the baby. At times, it increases the chances of you developing type 2 diabetes, although rare .Causes Of Gestational Diabetes
The exact cause behind the development of the condition is unknown. However, it has been asserted that hormones play a major role in the development of the condition.
During pregnancy, the hormones produced by the placenta cause the build-up of glucose in your bloodstream, which results in gestational diabetes . Ideally, your pancreas can produce enough insulin to handle this. However, in some cases, when it does not, the blood glucose levels rise to lead to gestational diabetes.
Also read: What are the causes of gestational diabetes?Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes
Normally, the condition does not cause any signs or symptoms. The symptoms caused can be mild and are as follows.
However, it is to be noted that most of the symptoms that are associated with gestational diabetes are very common and are seen in most pregnant women. These include symptoms like fatigue, increased thirst, nausea and vomiting. Because of the sheer nature of the symptoms, they may go unnoticed, putting both the mother as well as the child at risk .Risks For Gestational Diabetes
You are more likely to have gestational diabetes if you
In the event of lack of care and attention, the condition can worsen and lead to complications that can affect the health of the child and the mother .
The complications pertaining to the condition are as follows:
It usually occurs during the second half of your pregnancy. The symptoms of this could be a need to pee more often, feeling more thirsty than usual, feeling hungrier and tending to overeat. Although these symptoms could be associated with the symptoms of pregnancy alone, usually the diagnosis of gestational diabetes involves a test conducted during your routine pregnancy screening tests .
Usually, between weeks 24 to 28, your doctor would prescribe a test to check for gestational diabetes.Treatment For Gestational Diabetes
In the event of being diagnosed with the condition, the treatment plan will be dependent on the daily blood sugar levels.
You will be required to test your blood sugar before and after meals.
In some cases, insulin injections will be advised to help control blood sugar levels .Impact Of Gestational Diabetes On The Baby
As your baby gets nutrients from your blood, you having gestational diabetes would also affect the baby. The baby stores the additional sugar in the form of fat which makes him or her grow larger than normal. There could be certain pregnancy complications such as the following :
Apart from these, the child could also possess an increased chance of developing obesity and diabetes during the later stages of his life. Such children should be encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle right from the beginning .Managing Gestational Diabetes
If you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, your doctor would be closely monitoring you. You would also be asked to visit your doctor for check-ups frequently and would be required to do the following