Home » Health
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Nora Fatehi REACTS To Koena Mitra Calling 'Saki Saki' Remake A MESS!
    • Dharmendra APOLOGIZES To Wife Hema Malini After Trolling Her: 'Humka Maafi De Diyo'
    • Salman Khan To Launch & Romance Mahesh Manjrekar's Daughter In Dabangg 3
    • Happy Birthday Priyanka Chopra: These Quotes Speak Volumes About Her Love For Nick Jonas!
    • Veteran Bengali Actor Swarup Dutta Passes Away Due To Cardiac Arrest In Kolkata
    • Priyanka Chopra-Nick Jonas Are Made For Each Other & These Pictures Are Proof!
    • REVEALED! This Is How Bhumi Pednekar Plans To Celebrate Her 30th Birthday
    • New Troubles Crop Up For Prabhas! Saaho Gets DELAYED Yet Again Owing To These Reasons...
    • That One Gesture Of Nick Jonas That Changed His & Priyanka Chopra's Lives Forever!
    • Rishi Kapoor Opens Up About His Battle With Cancer: 'It's Been A Difficult Time'
    • Priyanka Chopra On Sophie Turner's 'Game Of Thrones' Emmy Nomination: 'Incredibly Proud Of You'
    • Varun Dhawan, Arjun Kapoor & Others Tried The FaceApp Old Filter & The Results Were HILARIOUS!
    • Salman Khan Shares Video Of Specially-abled Fan Sketching His Portrait With Her Feet!
    • Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Invests In Bengaluru Startup; Read Details Here!
    • Salman Khan Shares A Video Of A Specially-abled Fan Sketching His Portrait With Her Feet!
    • Jabariya Jodi: Sidharth Malhotra's Character Is Based On This Man From Bihar?
    • Priya Varrier's Sridevi Bungalow Has NO Relevance With Sridevi: Arbaaz Khan
    • Why Katrina Kaif Doesn't Like To Party Hard On Her Birthday
Phlebitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
Boldsky | 10th Jul, 2019 02:41 PM

Phlebitis is a condition which causes inflammation of the vein. If the inflammation is caused due to a blood clot, it's called thrombophlebitis and if the blood clot is deep inside the vein, it's called deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Types Of Phlebitis

1. Superficial phlebitis - It is the inflammation of veins near the surface of the skin, resulting from a blood clot. This type of phlebitis requires treatment, and is rarely serious.

2. Deep phlebitis - It is the inflammation of a deeper, larger vein mostly caused due to a blood clot. Larger blood clots can develop, which may break off and travel to the lungs, that can lead to a condition called pulmonary embolism .

ALSO READ: Spinal Stenosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

What Causes Phlebitis

Phlebitis is caused either by an injury or irritation in the lining of a blood vessel.

Superficial phlebitis may be due to a small blood clot, placement of an IV catheter , an infection, or the use of irritating medicines into your veins.

  • Deep phlebitis is caused due to the following reasons:
  • Injury in the deep vein caused by trauma such as surgery, broken bone, or serious injury.
  • Excess of blood clots more than usual, due to medications, connective tissue disorders, cancer, or inherited blood clotting conditions.
  • Slower blood flow due to lack of motion.

Symptoms Of Phlebitis

The symptoms mostly appear in the arms and legs which include the following:

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Tenderness
  • Warmth
  • Visible red streaking on the arms and legs
  • Rope-like structure that you can feel through the skin

If phlebitis is caused by deep vein thrombosis (DVT), you may notice pain in your calf or thigh.

ALSO READ: Thyroid Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Risk Factors Of Phlebitis
  • A history of DVT
  • Birth control pills or hormone therapy
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Misusing alcohol
  • Prolonged inactivity
  • Sitting for longer periods
  • Above 60 years of age
Complications Of Phlebitis

The complications aren't that serious, but phlebitis can lead to infection of the surrounding skin, wounds on the skin, and bloodstream infections.

The most common and serious complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is pulmonary embolism. The symptoms of pulmonary embolism include chest pain, coughing up blood, unexplained shortness of breath, rapid breathing, fast heart rate, and feeling light-headed.

Diagnosis Of Phlebitis

The diagnosis of phlebitis is based on the symptoms and a physical examination conducted by your doctor. If a blood clot is the primary cause of phlebitis, the doctor will perform several tests after examining you.

The doctor may then conduct an ultrasound of your affected limb and assess your D-dimer level, a blood test that checks for a substance released in the body when a blood clot dissolves.

If the ultrasound doesn't show any positive result, the doctor may perform venography, MRI scan, or CT scan to check for blood clots. After the blood clot is detected, the doctor will take blood samples to test for blood clotting disorders.

Treatment Of Phlebitis

The treatment for superficial phlebitis includes warm compresses, removal of an IV catheter, or antibiotics if an infection is suspected.

For treating deep vein thrombosis (DVT), you may need to take anticoagulants. If DVT is causing any further serious problem, a thrombectomy is done, where a surgeon inserts a wire and catheter into the affected vein and either removes the clot or dissolves it with medications that help in the breakdown of blood clots.

If you have deep vein thrombosis and are at higher risk for pulmonary embolism, insertion of a filter into one of your major blood vessels may be recommended. These filters are removable and won't prevent any blood clots from forming, but it will prevent blood clots from travelling to the lungs.

Permanent filters cause complications like infection, life-threatening damage to the blood vessels, and enlargement of blood vessels around the filter.

ALSO READ: Cupping Therapy: Types, Benefits And Side Effects

Prevention Of Phlebitis
  • Wear compression socks
  • Stretch your legs often while sitting for longer periods
  • Drink plenty of water while travelling
  • After surgery, get up and walk around
  • Take blood thinning medications as instructed by doctors
Health and Life
  • Cysts: Causes, Types, Symptoms & Treatment
  • Black Eye: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
  • What Is Horned Melon? Its Benefits, Side Effects And Recipe
    • What Are Navy Beans? Their Benefits, Side Effects And Recipe
    • Kunal Khemu's Fitness And Diet Tips
    • Diet For Jaundice: Foods To Eat And Foods To Avoid
      • Multiple Sclerosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • 7 Nutritious Foods That Help Promote Beard Growth
      • Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis (EV): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
        • 20 Healthy Snacks To Curb Hunger
        • Sustainable Menstruation Through Menstrual Cup: Keeping You & The Earth Clean
        • What Is Solomon's Seal? Its Benefits, Side Effects And Recipes
          • 8 Amazing Health Benefits Of Rose Hip
          • Anand Kumar Of Super 30 Reveals He Has Acoustic Neuroma - All You Need To Know About This Condition
          • 6 Amazing Benefits Of Ice Cubes For Your Health
            • 7 Fascinating Health Benefits Of Chicory You Must Know!
            • Empty Nose Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
            • How Diabetes Affects Male Fertility
              • How Does Diabetes Affect Male Fertility
              • Wheezing: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
              • 10 Natural Remedies To Treat Hypothyroidism