The condition of the Unnao rape survivor remains to be critical as she battles a severe blood infection. She met with a truck-car collision after which she was admitted in King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow, and later shifted to the AIIMS in Delhi.
The report of a blood culture examination of the girl showed that she has a serious blood infection. The report came after she was shifted to AIIMS.
The blood culture report showed that she was suffering from an infection caused by the Enterococcus bacteria. Enterococci are a type of bacteria that live in your gastrointestinal tract. There are at least 18 different species of these bacteria, one of these most common species is Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis).What Is Enterococcus faecalis?
Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) normally lives in your intestines without causing any harm. It also lives in the mouth and vagina. However, if it spreads to other parts of the body it can cause a serious infection. The bacterium can cause infection in people when it enters the blood, wounds, or urine.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), E. faecalis affects approximately 80 per cent of humans. It is a resilient bacteria which can survive in hot, salty, or acidic environments.
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Mostly people in hospitals are prone to E. faecalis infection. According to Dr Arya Krishnan, Chief Medical Officer at Sukino Continuum Care Center, "Poor hygiene in hospitals can increase the risk of spreading the bacteria and also weakened immune system leads to this bacterial infection".
She also said that, "The bacteria stays in the urinary catheters and intravascular lines (IV lines). As e. Faecal can grow in IV lines and urinary catheters, hospitalised patients are at high risk of developing this infection".
Source: TheatlanticSymptoms Of E. faecalis Infection
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E. faecalis may cause a number of life-threatening infections which include the following:
E. faecalis can resist antibiotic treatments because it possesses blood resistance mechanism to fight the medications, which doesn't allow the medicines to work on the body. This bacteria also resists many antibiotic treatments due to various reasons such as biofilm formation, inadequate nutrition needs, penicillin-binding protein (PBPs), and environmental folic acid formation.Prevention Of E. Faecalis Infection
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