Kidney stones (renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis) are one of the most common illnesses in India. The main function of the kidney is to flush out all the excess water and blood impurities in the form of urine . Certain substances like calcium oxalate, amino acids, and uric acid are left behind in the form of tiny particles and when the concentration of those accumulated substances increases, they get converted into hard and sharp crystalline stones known as kidney stones.
Kidney stones up to the size 3 mm, can pass through urine but bigger kidney stones can create extreme pain and blood discharge in the urine. The pain is caused when the stones get stuck in the ureter, a tube that connects the kidney and the bladder, and block the passage of the urine . Kidney stones can also grow to the size of a golf ball.
Types Of Kidney Stones
The symptoms of kidney stones depend on their size. If the kidney stones are smaller in size, they won't create much trouble and will pass easily through the urine. The large-sized kidney stones move towards the ureter and block the path between the kidney and the bladder. Under this condition, a person experiences the following symptoms:
Several factors lead to the formation of kidney stones in our body. Some of the common causes are as follows:
To diagnose for the kidney stones in your body, there are several tests and procedures which need to be followed . The tests are as follows:
Depending upon the type and size of kidney stones, treatment is carried out.
The non-invasive treatment of kidney stones include the following:
For the large kidney stones, extensive treatment is required which includes the following:
There are certain lifestyle changes with which a person can prevent the formation of kidney stones. The changes are as follows: