Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Gaadi Mein Aana Hai Humare Saath? Obsessive Paparazzi Bowled Over By Janhvi Kapoor
    • Pal Pal Dil Ke Paas Movie Review: Karan Deol's Film Struggles To Stay Close To The Heart!
    • Isha Sharvani Duped Of Rs 3 Lakh By Fake Call Centre Employees; 3 Held
    • Karisma Kapoor, Sunny Deol Face Charges For Pulling Chain In Train During Shooting
    • Akshay Kumar Called A Hypocrite For Supporting Aarey Forest Destruction & Crying Over Amazon Forest
    • WOW! Dance Battle Between Hrithik Roshan And Tiger Shroff in War For Holi Song
    • Alia Bhatt Shares Touching Birthday Wish For Father Mahesh Bhatt; He Has A Funny Response
    • Prassthanam Movie Review: Live Audience Update
    • Bollywood Actor Isha Sharvani Duped Of Rs 3 Lakh By Fake Call Centre Employees; 3 Held
    • The Zoya Factor Movie Review: Live Audience Update On The Sonam Kapoor & Dulquer Salmaan Starrer
    • PIC: Kangana Ranaut Sits Through Painful Session Of Prosthetics Measurement For Biopic Thalaivi
    • The Zoya Factor Movie Review: Dulquer Salmaan Hits A Sixer With His Charming Act!
    • PICTURE: Kangana Ranaut Sits Through A Long, Painful Session Of Prosthetics Measurement
    • Aamir Khan To Shoot Lal Singh Chaddha Across 100 Locations In India, A First For Any Hindi Film
    • Hrithik Roshan: Biggest ‘War’ Of My Life Was To Lose Weight After Super 30
    • Soha Ali Khan Says Parenthood Has Changed Her Habits; Wants Inaaya To Learn By Example
    • Arjun Kapoor Will Light Up Bandra-Worli Sea Link In Red To Spread Cancer Awareness!
    • Swara Bhaskar Takes Off Her Heels, Walks Barefoot On IIFA Green Carpet!
    • Deepika Padukone On ’83: Families Of Sportspersons Are Not Given Due Credit
    • Sidharth Malhotra Says His Wife Will Be His Support System When He Marries
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention
Boldsky | 7th Sep, 2019 01:32 PM

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a kind of digestive disorder in which the acid/content of the stomach rushes back to the oesophagus (food pipe). It is also known as gastroesophageal reflux or acid regurgitation . Many people experience it occasionally but if it happens more than twice in a week, then the chances of getting diagnosed with GERD increases.

During GERD, the acid or content of the stomach moves in a backward direction towards the oesophagus and cause serious tissue damage. The condition may damage the valve and lining of the oesophagus causing inflammation .

According to a report, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux is 22% in Southern India and more common among old people and men. The condition occurs more in people residing in urban areas. Also, people who eat a lot of pan masala are at high risk of developing GERD.

Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

GERD is noticed by several symptoms in which heartburn is common . Usually, after a heavy meal, people feel the acidic content of the stomach rushing to their mouth as they burp. The condition can be tackled easily by drinking a lot of water to digest the stomach content or by taking medications like antacids. But the condition becomes worse when it starts interfering with your daily life.

Other symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease are as follows:

  • Regurgitation of food
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty while swallowing
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea
  • Bad breath
  • Sudden excess saliva secretion
  • Chronic cough
  • Worsening of asthma
  • Inflammation of the larynx
Causes Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

When we swallow food, the content travels from the oesophagus to the stomach. The oesophagus is a muscular tube that connects the stomach with the throat. The gastroesophageal sphincter is a valve present in the lower end of the oesophagus, just at the junction dividing the stomach and the oesophagus .

When we swallow food, the sphincter opens while it remains closed for the rest of the time. When the sphincter relaxes abnormally making the junction open, acids of the stomach rushes up to the throat causing irritation and inflammation.

Other causes of GERD include

  • hiatal hernia ,
  • anxiety,
  • asthma,
  • empty stomach, and
  • defective oesophagal contractions.
Risk Factors Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Several factors contribute to the risk of GERD which are as follows:

  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Eating heavy meals
  • Eating a large number of fried foods
  • Consuming alcohol or coffee
  • Scleroderma
  • Medications like aspirin
Complications Associated With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

GERD is a common digestive problem that can be managed easily by a few simple tricks. However, if the condition remains untreated for long, it can cause harmful complications which are as follows:

  • Respiratory problems when stomach acid enters the lungs
  • Esophagitis, a condition defined by inflammation of the food pipe
  • Barrett's oesophagus, a condition when normal cells of the oesophagus turn into abnormal cells which may result in cancer .
  • Oesophageal stricture, a condition when the food pipe or oesophagus becomes narrow causing difficulty in swallowing food.
Diagnosis Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

People experiencing GERD for long can walk to a gastroenterologist who will suggest possible tests to diagnose the severity of the condition. The tests are as follows:

  • Upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscope
  • Oesophageal pH and impedance monitoring
  • Oesophageal manometry
  • Upper GI series
  • Bravo wireless oesophageal pH monitoring
Treatment Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

The severity of the GERD decides the treatment of the condition. If the condition is mild, it can be treated through

  • antacids ,
  • prokinetics,
  • H2 blockers, and
  • erythromycin.

In severe conditions, GERD is treated by a surgery that includes fundoplication and other endoscopic procedures.

How To Prevent Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Some changes in lifestyle can help prevent GERD.

  • Don't eat heavy meals at night.
  • A gap of 2-3 hours between night meal and sleeping time is necessary .
  • Chew food properly before swallowing.
  • Lose weight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Don't wear clothes which are too tight around the abdomen.
Foods That Trigger Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms

There are numerous foods which may trigger GERD. Such common foods are as follows:

  • Beverages like tea and coffee
  • High-fat foods like eggs, cheese, and fatty fish
  • Tomato, garlic, and onion
  • Alcohol or soda
  • Citrus fruits like lemon and mandarin orange
   
 
Health and Life
  • Skin Abscess: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention And Treatment
  • How Does Your Oral Health Affect Your Overall Health?
  • 17 Tick-borne Diseases You Should Be Aware Of
    • 10 Nutritional Health Benefits Of Loquat
    • Chemicals In Beauty Products May Harm Women's Reproductive Hormones, Says Study
    • How To Brush Your Teeth Correctly
      • Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
      • 19 Amazing Health Benefits Of Hops
        • Does Eating Too Much Sugar Cause Diabetes?
        • World Ozone Day 2019: Products That Cause Ozone Depletion And Their Eco-friendly Alternatives
        • Sebaceous Horn (Devil’s Horn): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment, And Prevention
          • 10 Benefits Of Cycling For Your Health
          • Microcytic Anemia: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Treatment, And Prevention
          • Cyberchondria: How The Internet Can Affect Your Mental Health
            • Everything You Need To Know About The Hypercholesterolemia (High Cholesterol Levels) Condition
            • Fournier Gangrene: Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Treatment, And Prevention
            • Milk And Yoghurt May Help Improve Your Heart Health
              • World Sepsis Day 2019: Sepsis In Infants And Children
              • Diabetes Drug Can Cause Flesh-Eating Genital Infection, New Study Reveals
              • Are Drinking Water Bottles Exposed To Sun Good For Health?