Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a kind of digestive disorder in which the acid/content of the stomach rushes back to the oesophagus (food pipe). It is also known as gastroesophageal reflux or acid regurgitation . Many people experience it occasionally but if it happens more than twice in a week, then the chances of getting diagnosed with GERD increases.
During GERD, the acid or content of the stomach moves in a backward direction towards the oesophagus and cause serious tissue damage. The condition may damage the valve and lining of the oesophagus causing inflammation .
According to a report, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux is 22% in Southern India and more common among old people and men. The condition occurs more in people residing in urban areas. Also, people who eat a lot of pan masala are at high risk of developing GERD.Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GERD is noticed by several symptoms in which heartburn is common . Usually, after a heavy meal, people feel the acidic content of the stomach rushing to their mouth as they burp. The condition can be tackled easily by drinking a lot of water to digest the stomach content or by taking medications like antacids. But the condition becomes worse when it starts interfering with your daily life.
Other symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease are as follows:
When we swallow food, the content travels from the oesophagus to the stomach. The oesophagus is a muscular tube that connects the stomach with the throat. The gastroesophageal sphincter is a valve present in the lower end of the oesophagus, just at the junction dividing the stomach and the oesophagus .
When we swallow food, the sphincter opens while it remains closed for the rest of the time. When the sphincter relaxes abnormally making the junction open, acids of the stomach rushes up to the throat causing irritation and inflammation.
Other causes of GERD include
Several factors contribute to the risk of GERD which are as follows:
GERD is a common digestive problem that can be managed easily by a few simple tricks. However, if the condition remains untreated for long, it can cause harmful complications which are as follows:
People experiencing GERD for long can walk to a gastroenterologist who will suggest possible tests to diagnose the severity of the condition. The tests are as follows:
The severity of the GERD decides the treatment of the condition. If the condition is mild, it can be treated through
In severe conditions, GERD is treated by a surgery that includes fundoplication and other endoscopic procedures.How To Prevent Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Some changes in lifestyle can help prevent GERD.
There are numerous foods which may trigger GERD. Such common foods are as follows: