Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a common viral infection that occurs mainly due to skin-to-skin contact . The transfer occurs mostly due to sexual intercourse and so, sexually active men and women are its main target.
HPV commonly spread during anal, vaginal or oral sex. It passes from an infected person to a healthy person during sex. However, penetrative sex is not necessary for the virus to transfer as it can transfer generally by coming in skin contact with the infected genitals, especially through the mucus on the penis, anus, vulva or vagina . HPV can pass even when a person has no symptoms of the disease. Another body part which it affects is throat, tongue, hand and feet.
Most people suffer from HPV infection at least once in their lifetime. In some people, it goes away on their own but in other cases, it may cause serious health issues like cancer and genital warts. Talking about its types, there are around 100 different types of HPV out of which 14 are high-risk type virus responsible for cancer .
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 90% of the infection goes on their own within a period of 2 years. Some people don't show the symptoms though the virus is present in their body but it gets transmitted to others unknowingly after intercourse.
When HPV is transferred to another person, symptoms start showing and based on the same, a doctor can identify what type of HPV is transferred to their body. The different types of HPV cause different types of symptoms which are as follows:
Several causes are responsible for the spread of HPV. Some of the main causes are as follows:
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As HPV is among the most common infection, there are some of the risk factors which people should be aware of to prevent the transfer of the virus into their body.
The risk factors are as follows:
Usually, a medical expert can identify HPV easily by a visual inspection. However, if needed, they can go for tests like
HPV in the genitals of a woman can sometimes lead to cervical cancer. In that case, testing for pre-cancer lesions is carried out by a process called Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) and cryotherapy .Treatment Of Human Papillomavirus Infection
The treatment of the infection depends on the type of virus affecting a person. In many cases, the infection needs no treatment but in severe cases, invasive treatments are required. HPV can be treated by
There are several ways by which a person can prevent the spread of the infection. Preventive measures are as follows: