Microcytic Anaemia (MA) is a term that is used to describe a condition in which the oxygen requirement by the body organs are not met due to smaller sized red blood cells .
The condition arises when the body is unable to make an adequate amount of haemoglobin due to deficiency of iron in the body. Also, haemoglobin is a protein that helps in transporting oxygen to the bloodstream. Such condition causes bone marrow to make small-sized RBC than the normal range . When the size of the RBCs decreases, the amount of oxygen in it also becomes low resulting in poor oxygen supply to the body organs, causing Microcytic Anaemia.Symptoms Of Microcytic Anaemia
In MA, symptoms usually appear late. When the small red blood cells start affecting the tissues, it causes the following symptoms:
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MA is caused due to one or more reasons depending on the amount of haemoglobin present in the red blood cells. According to the International Journal of Laboratory Hematology, the causes of MA usually form an acronym TAILS which stand for the following:
There are several factors that increase the risk of MA. They are as follows:
If MA is due to simple nutrient deficiencies, it can be cured early but if the condition remains untreated for a long time, it may result in certain complications like
Diagnosis of MA can be carried out by several tests which are as follows:
1. Complete blood count (CBC) test to detect anaemia.
2. Peripheral blood smear test to detect early microcytic changes in RBCs .
3. Blood and stool test to detect the type of MA and its cause.
4. Abdominal ultrasound, upper GI endoscopy and CT scan to rule out abdominal pain caused due to other stomach-related problems.
5. Tests to rule out uterine fibroids in women facing heavy menstruation with pelvic pain.
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Treatment of MA is carried out after identifying the type and cause behind it. Most people have mild anaemia, which is completely fine, but if the condition remains for longer, it can damage vital organs.
The basic treatment of MA are as follows:
There are several ways by which people can prevent the onset of MA. However, if the condition is inherited, there are no proven ways to prevent it. Other preventive tips of MA are as follows:
Iron deficiency is the main of MA in people of all age groups. Here is the list of foods which contains good amount of iron and will help in preventing MA .