Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Karan Johar Reveals Unknown Facts About Kuch Kuch Hota Hai
    • Will Tanushree Dutta's Dream To Work With Sanjay Leela Bhansali Ever Come True? She Doesn't Think So
    • Bala Song 'Don't Be Shy': Ayushmann Khurrana Woos Yami Gautam In Vain
    • Laal Kaptaan Movie Review: Live Audience Update On The Saif Ali Khan Starrer
    • Laal Kaptaan Movie Review: Revenge Is Served Dull In This Saif Ali Khan Starrer!
    • Priyanka Chopra And Parineeti Chopra To Voice For Elsa And Anna In Hindi Version Of Frozen 2
    • Amitabh Bachchan Was Never Hospitalised: Reports
    • I Like Heroines Who Are Hari Bhari: Akshay Kumar Gets Slammed For Objectification; Sonakshi Reacts
    • 'Vikram Vedha' Hindi Remake: Aamir Khan & Saif Ali Khan To Come Together After 19 Years
    • Shah Rukh Khan's Next Will Be With Rajkumar Hirani And Not Atlee?
    • Just In: Amitabh Bachchan In Hospital For Past Three Days Due To Liver Problem
    • Rohit Shetty, Meghna Gulzar & Others To Attend International Film Festival Of India 2019
    • Akshay Kumar Was Worried About His Daughter Nitara Getting Bored During A 17-Hour Train Journey!
    • Bhumi Pednekar Worked 18-Hour Shifts For 15 Days Straight!
    • Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Reacts To Protecting Aaradhya Bachchan From The Paparazzi Culture!
    • Karisma Kapoor On Daring To Do Dil To Pagal Hai: No Actress Wanted To Be Cast Against Madhuri Dixit
Skin Abscess: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention And Treatment
Boldsky | 20th Sep, 2019 05:31 PM

A skin abscess is a boil or bump-like infection on the skin's surface filled with pus or translucent fluid. The infection is often caused due to the bacteria Staphylococcus . An abscess is often painful, red, and swollen and occurs mostly in the armpits, inner thighs, genitals, chest, buttocks and face of a person. However, it can occur in any part of the body like fingers, eyes, knees and foot .

In many cases, skin abscess goes away on its own but in some cases, medications are needed to heal it after draining out the infectious pus. If left untreated for long, it may result in the failure of the organ upon which it has appeared.

Causes Of Skin Abscess

The common cause of skin abscess is a bacterial infection due to Staphylococcus bacteria. They enter into the body through a hair follicle or wound and cause the infection. Following are the main causes of infection caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria:

  • Coming in contact with the staph infection through close contact with the infected person
  • Skin diseases like eczema or acne
  • Weaken immune system, in case of HIV
  • Diabetes
  • Poor hygiene

Other causes of skin abscess include the following:

  • Inflammation of hair follicle, especially on the scalp
  • Obstructed sweat gland
  • Surgery

Boils On Scalp: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Symptoms Of Skin Abscess

The symptoms of skin abscess depend on the area on which it has developed. However, the common symptoms of abscess are as follows:

  • A boil which is red in colour, tender, and warm to touch
  • Swelling in the infected area
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the infected area
  • A build-up of pus on the skin's outer surface
  • High temperature
Risk Factors Of Skin Abscess

Low immunity is the main risk factor for developing skin abscess. Other factors responsible for the recurrent occurrence of skin abscess are as follows:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Lupus
  • Diabetes
  • HIV
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Severe burns
  • Crohn's disease
  • Severe trauma
  • Alcoholism
  • Chronic steroid therapy
  • Tattoos
Complications Of Skin Abscess

Sometimes, the skin abscess will break and drain on its own without causing any serious complications. However, one must consult a doctor if

  • the sore becomes larger than half an inch,
  • the sore becomes painful,
  • the sore is located in rectal or genitals,
  • the person gets a fever of 100.4 °F or above,
  • the skin abscess occurs during pregnancy and
  • the abscess returns in a few days.

If the aforementioned conditions are not treated, a person may experience complications like the following:

  • The spread of the staph infection to the brain and spinal cord.
  • The infection may spread to the inner lining of the heart.
  • Sepsis
  • Gangrene
  • Osteomyelitis, bone infection
  • New abscess formation
Diagnosis Of Skin Abscess

To diagnose the skin abscess, a doctor will first ask for the medical history of the patient along with visually analyzing the affected area followed by the following questions :

  • When the abscess started
  • Any injury to the area in which abscess if formed
  • Any underlying medical conditions
  • Medicines prescribed for the condition
  • Allergies
  • Signs of fever

Then the doctor will send the sample of the pus for testing to identify the exact bacteria causing the infection. If two or more abscesses are present, a urine test is suggested.

Treatment Of Skin Abscess

Several methods for treating skin abscess are as follows:

  • Home treatment: At first, the doctor may suggest applying heat to the area in which abscess is formed to shrink it and drain the pus automatically formed inside it.
  • Antibiotics: Here, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics such as cephalexin and dicloxacillin if the abscess/boil is more than one and present in the area where the risk of complications is more. If the cause of the infection is MSRA bacteria, the doctor may go for other antibiotics .
  • Drainage: This method is considered when the abscess does not heal even after the above mentioned two methods. Here, the doctor will numb the area around the abscess and cut it to drain out the pus .
  • Percutaneous abscess drainage: This method is applied when the abscess is present internally. A needle is inserted to the internal abscess area using image guidance and infected fluid is drained out with the help of a needle .

Also read:

10 Nutritional Health Benefits Of Loquat

Prevention Of Skin Abscess

Skin abscess can be prevented by the following methods :

  • Maintain good hygiene
  • Shave cautiously to avoid the cut in pubic and underarms area.
  • If cut or injury takes place, wash it will mild soap and water and apply antibacterial cream. Also, apply bandages.
  • Don't share your personal belongings like towel, razor, and clothing.
  • Don't puncture the boil with dirty hands as it may spread the infection.
   
 
Health and Life
  • Porphyria (The Vampire Syndrome): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk Factors And Treatment
  • World Pediatric Bone And Joint Day 2019: Date And Theme
  • Acoustic Trauma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
    • Food Poisoning: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Spinal Disc Problem: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
    • World Food Day 2019: History And How It Is Celebrated
      • World Spine Day 2019: Date, Theme And History
      • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment & Prevention
      • What Is Plogging? Its Role In Boosting Your Health And The Environment
        • How To Keep Your Spine Healthy As You Age
        • World Spine Day: Foods That Will Help You Recover Faster From Spinal Cord Injury
        • Teratoma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment
          • Health And Wellness Tips For College Students
          • Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA): The Medical Condition Behind Joker's Laugh
          • Pompe Disease: Types, Causes, Inheritance, Diagnosis & Treatment
            • Periodontitis: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Treatment And Prevention
            • 13 Health Benefits Of Spelt (Dinkel Wheat)
            • 10 Science-backed Health Benefits Of Noni Juice, Its Nutrition & Side Effects