2 October marks the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka Mahatma Gandhi, The Father of The Nation. It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and it is one of the three national holidays of India. On the same line, the UN General Assembly, on 15 June 2007 declared the day to be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Gandhi Jayanti 2019 marks the 150th birth anniversary of the leader, who inspired the world with his ideas. On this Gandhi Jayanti, let's remember the man who fought for a nation's freedom through his life and accomplishments.The Life Of Mahatma Gandhi
Born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. Young Gandhi's father was the dewan of Porbandar and his mother Putlibai was a devoted practitioner of Vaishnavism. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings.
He was greatly influenced by his extremely religious mother, but, changed his ways by defying the norms of his Hindu family by drinking alcohol and eating meat.
At the age of 13, Gandhi married 14-year-old Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in an arranged marriage. They became parents to four sons namely Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. In 1888, at the age of 19, he left home to study law in London at the Inner Temple with a scholarship .
It was during this phase, Mohandas was introduced to the vegetarian movement and met members of the Theosophical Society who re-kindled his interest in religion. In 1891, he returned to India after completing his studies.
Soon, he was offered a job with an Indian firm that required him to move to South Africa. Mohandas and his family moved to South Africa in 1893, where they remained for the next 20 years.
It was during this time, he was made aware of the issues of racial discrimination prevalent in South Africa. Two incidents, i.e. once he was asked to move from the first-class in a train in spite of having a valid ticket and once he was asked to remove his turban, pushed Mohandas to fight against the problems of social injustice .
Mohandas Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress and by 1920. By then, he had become one of the dominant faces in the Indian political scenario. He had hundreds of followers, out of which Prabhavati Devi was one of his favourites.
Gandhi was arrested on 9 August 1942 and was held on the Aga Khan Palace in Pune for 2 years, where he lost his wife Kasturba.
Gandhi identified his overall method of non-violent action as Satyagraha which influenced leaders such as Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King in their struggle for freedom, equality and social justice.
On 30 January 1948, 12 days after his hunger strike ended, Mahatma Gandhi was shot to death by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic enraged by his efforts to create religious unity in the country. Around 1 million people followed the procession as Gandhi's body was carried through the streets of the city and cremated on the banks of the holy Yamuna river .Major Accomplishments Of Mahatma Gandhi