Peripheral Neuropathy is a condition in which the peripheral nervous system of the body is damaged. It is responsible for the passage of signals between the central nervous system and other body parts like legs, arms, feet, internal organs and face.
The central nervous system includes the brain and the spinal cord. Peripheral nerves are present all over the body and are responsible to carry all the sensory information from the different body parts to the central nervous system and vice versa. When these nerves get damaged or malfunction, it results in peripheral neuropathy, a disorder in which the normal functioning of the nerves are hindered resulting in the loss or interruption of sensory signals .
Sometimes, when only one nerve is damaged, the condition is called mononeuropathy while when the damage affects two or more nerves, it is called mononeuropathy multiplex.
Pinched Nerve: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & TreatmentSymptoms Of Peripheral Neuropathy
The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy depend on the severity and type of nerve fibres affected. Sometimes, the symptoms develop in a few days, while in some cases it takes months or years to show. In fewer cases, the symptoms go without any treatment.
There are around 100 types of peripheral neuropathy and each has its own set of symptoms which vary by the types of nerves affected. If the damage is on the motor nerves, movement of the muscles are affected, if the sensory nerves are damaged, the sensory feelings like touch and pain get affected while when the autonomic nerves get affected, the harm is caused to the unconscious activities like breathing and gland functions.
Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy according to its types are as follows:1. Motor neuropathy
Conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy are as follows:
Several conditions which can increase the risk of peripheral neuropathy are as follows:
A person with peripheral neuropathy may suffer the following complications if not treated early:
Peripheral neuropathy has many causes due to which its diagnosis becomes quite difficult. However, its diagnosis is carried out by the following processes:
The treatment of peripheral neuropathy are as follows: