Home » Health
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Gajraj Rao Slams Rumour Mongering During Coronavirus Crisis: People Must Control Their Actions
    • Taapsee Pannu Supports Gulabo Sitabo And Shakuntala Devi’s Digital Release!
    • VIRAL VIDEO: Shah Rukh Khan And Kajol Groove To Salman Khan’s Prem Ratan Dhan Payo Song
    • Goldie Behl Talks About Sonali Bendre’s Illness: It Was A Life Altering Situation For All Of Us
    • Zareen Khan Took Up A Job At A Call Centre After Class 12 To Provide For Her Family
    • Salman Khan And Jacqueline Fernandez Starrer Love Song ‘Tere Bina’ Breaks Records
    • Ali Fazal Wishes He Could Go And Meet Richa Chadha, Opens Up About Spending Time In Quarantine
    • When Rishi Kapoor Slammed Vyjayanthimala For Denying Her Affair With Raj Kapoor: I Was Livid
    • Flashback Friday: Aishwarya Rai Is Beauty Personified In Her Look Test As Paro For SRK's Devdas
    • PVR Opens Up About Producers Opting To Release Films Directly On Streaming Platforms
    • Nawazuddin Siddiqui And Anurag Kashyap Starrer Ghoomketu Teaser Out Now
    • Ibrahim Ali Khan Is Missing His Lads, Sings ‘Young, Dumb And Broke' After Cancelling Graduation Trip
    • Suhana Khan's No-Makeup Pictures: Mom Gauri Khan Shows Off Her Photography Skills Amid Lockdown
    • Lilly Singh’s Dancing Tribute To Madhuri Dixit Has Forced Us To Reminisce Our Childhood!
    • Producers Guild Slams INOX And PVR For Criticising Direct-To-OTT Film Releases Amid COVID-19 Crisis
    • Kareena Kapoor Khan Says Homemade Masks Are Summer Essentials In Her Latest Post
    • Ranbir Kapoor-Alia Bhatt Ask Paparazzi To Stay Safe And Wear Masks Amid COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Vicky Kaushal On Birthday Celebrations As A Kid: 'It Was Just About Having A Good Time With Friends'
Teratoma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment
Boldsky | 15th Oct, 2019 01:17 PM

Teratoma is a very rare type of tumour which is made up of three different germ cell layers (an embryonic cell); endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm. In simple terms, it is a mixed tumour made up of different types of tissues like teeth, hair, bone and muscle. As the tumour is made up of germ or embryonic cell, it occurs basically in reproductive organs like ovaries and testicles. However, the tumour can occur in other body parts like tailbone, mediastinum, neck, tongue, skull and nose .

Teratoma is common in newborns (neonatal teratomas) and females. If it occurs in a newborn, it is usually benign (harmless) and can be removed surgically. According to a news published inSeptember 2019, in Greater Noida, a baby boy was born with a teratoma on his coccyx (tailbone) that looked similar to a one and half inch tail. Another news from Patna (Bihar) suggests that a 17-year old girl was diagnosed with a big tumour mass in her stomach which was later discovered to be a teratoma filled with bones, hair, teeth, cartilage and fat.

Types Of Teratomas

There are two types of teratomas - mature cystic teratomas and immature cystic teratomas.

Mature cystic teratomas (MCT): They are also known as 'dermoid cysts' and made up of at least two out of three germ cell layers. MCT mainly affects children and people of younger age group and grow slowly. They are benign and filled with material which is liquid at body temperature but semisolid at normal room temperature .

Immature cystic teratomas (ICT): They are made up of all three types of germ layers and typically larger. Such type of teratomas are often solid and filled with mucinous fluid and fatty sebaceous material. They are often malignant or cancerous .

Also read:

Peripheral Neuropathy: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Treatment And Prevention

Symptoms Of Teratomas

In the initial stage, teratomas do not give any symptoms. Later, they start showing symptoms based on the location. The symptoms of teratomas according to their location are as follows:

1. Brain and spinal cord teratomas: They mainly develop in the lumbar and dorsal spine of the spinal cord and are mature cysts in several cases. The symptoms are as follows :

  • Tingling
  • Sharp pain
  • Numbness
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Seizures

2. Ovarian teratomas: They mainly develop in the ovaries (especially right ovary) and can be mature or immature. The symptoms are as follows :

  • Intense pain in the stomach
  • Ovarian torsion
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Headache
  • Psychosis

3. Mediastinal teratomas: They develop in the area between both the lungs and are basically mature cysts. The symptoms are as follows :

  • Persistent cough
  • Pain while deep breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Pulmonary infection
  • Shortness of breathe

4. Sacrococcygeal teratomas: They mainly develop in the tailbone or coccyx of a newborn and are both mature and immature . The symptoms are as follows:

  • Numbness in the legs
  • Tingling of the legs
  • Partial paralysis of the legs
  • Constipation
  • Increased urinary tract infection
  • Increased frequency of stools

5. Testicular teratomas: They mainly develop in the testicles and are common in the age group of 20-30 years. They can be both mature and immature . The symptoms are as follows:

  • Swelling in the testicles
  • Pain in the testicles
  • Lump in the testicles
Causes Of Teratomas

The main cause of teratoma is still unknown. However, it is basically caused due to some complications in the way cells divide during the body's growth. As aforementioned, teratomas arise mainly in the germ cells, the cells which are responsible for creating reproductive cells or any type of specialized cell in the body. These cells are developed very early in the foetus. Therefore, a large number of teratomas are detected during the pregnancy as during that time, the germ cells of the foetal develop and divide very fast .

Diagnosis Of Teratomas
  • Prenatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PMRI): To find abnormalities in the foetus's body, brain and spinal cord .
  • Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening: To screen for any problem during the foetus development like spina bifida, down syndrome and gastroschisis .
  • Ultrasound: To find out the progress of teratoma. Large sacrococcygeal teratomas are often detected in the process.
  • Gynecologic examinations: The test is done especially to find out the twisting of the ovary due to ovarian teratoma .
  • Blood tests: To detect elevated levels of hormones like AFP and BhCG as tumour markers.

Periodontitis: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Treatment And Prevention

Treatment Of Teratomas

Teratomas are tumours which mainly develop during the development of a foetus. When a teratoma is detected during the foetal stage, the delivery of the baby is properly examined. If the teratoma is small, the doctor may suggest for normal deliver. In case of a large tumour, a Caesarean delivery is considered.

  • Surgery: The foremost treatment of malignant teratoma is surgery. When teratoma of the tailbone, ovaries and testicles become very large, complex and protruded, they are often removed through surgery . Also, when the teratoma is benign, it is surgically removed to avoid chances of them becoming cancerous.
  • Chemotherapy: When the tumour is malignant, surgery along with chemotherapy is performed. However, when the tumour is complex and located at surgically inaccessible places, the foremost step is chemotherapy .
Health and Life
  • 10 Home Remedies That May Help Heal Mouth Ulcers
  • Zoonotic Diseases: Types, Risk Factors, Transmission And Prevention
  • Lazy Eye (Amblyopia): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Did You Know That Crying Is Actually Good For Your Health?
    • Kabasura Kudineer: Ingredients, Benefits And Side Effects Of This Polyherbal Medicine
    • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • Why Small Pulse Oximeter Is Becoming A Major Tool For Doctors During The COVID-19 Pandemic
      • Oral (Tongue And Lip) Piercing: Risks, Dos, Don’ts And Self-care Tips
      • The Human Body: Know About Anatomy, Facts And Chemical Composition
        • 12 Home Remedies To Relieve Pneumonia Symptoms
        • COVID-19: List Of Drugs That May Fight Coronavirus Symptoms
        • International Nurses Day 2020: 8 Nutrition Tips For Nurses To Stay Fit And Healthy
          • Food Allergy Awareness Week 2020: What Is A Food Allergy? Common Allergens, Symptoms & Risk Factors
          • Osteoarthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
          • COVID-19: Scientists Identify Mutation In Coronavirus, Similar To SARS
            • Mother’s Day 2020: Health Tips For Busy Moms
            • COVID-19 & Hypertension: What You Need To Know
            • COVID-19: Is It Safe To Wear Contact Lenses During The Pandemic?
              • Can HIV Transmit Through Oral Sex?
              • International No Diet Day 2020: What Are Eating Disorders?
              • 10 Tips To Stay Healthy In Summer