Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. In 2018, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) noted that 64% of syphilis occur in men who have sex with men.What Causes Syphilis
Treponema pallidum is the bacteria that cause syphilis. The bacterium is transmitted through contact with an infected person's sore during sexual activity. The bacteria enter the body through minor cuts in your skin or mucous membranes of the vagina, rectum, lips or mouth.
The disease is most likely to spread during anal, oral or vaginal sexual activity.
Pregnant mothers who have syphilis can easily transmit the bacteria through the placenta, causing congenital syphilis in babies. Most newborns have no symptoms, although a rash on the palms of their hands and the soles of their feet can develop. The later symptoms include teeth deformities, deafness and saddles nose .
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In the primary stage, one or more painless, firm and round syphilitic sores develop. In the secondary stage, the symptoms include rashes, muscle aches, fever, sore throat, patchy hair loss, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue.Risk Factors Of Syphilis
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If untreated, syphilis can also elevate the risk of HIV infection and can also cause problems during pregnancy. The other complications are small bumps or tumours, neurological problems, and heart problems.Diagnosis Of Syphilis
A person undergo a syphilis test after he has had unprotected sex, had sex with a new partner or multiple partners, had sex with a man, and is a sex worker.
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Primary and secondary syphilis can be easily treated with a penicillin injection, penicillin is an effective antibiotic used for treating syphilis.
If you have tertiary syphilis, you will need multiple injections at weekly intervals. In the case of neurosyphilis, intravenous (IV) penicillin is required every 4 hours for 2 weeks to eliminate the bacteria from the nervous system.
People who are allergic to penicillin will be likely to be treated with other antibiotics like ceftriaxone, azithromycin, and doxycycline.Prevention Of Syphilis