Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Hrithik Roshan And Sussanne Khan Celebrate Son Hrehaan's Birthday; Family Joins Them Over Video Call
    • Kareena Kapoor's 'In-House Picasso' Taimur Draws 'A Day At The Beach' And It's Too Cute!
    • Ahil Celebrates His 4th Birthday With Family In Quarantine, Feeds Cake To Uncle Salman Khan
    • Ananya Panday Is ‘Delighted And Humbled’, To Be Nominated For The Best Supporting Actor
    • Full Winners List of Critics' Choice Film Awards: Gully Boy, Super Deluxe, Mallesham Bag Best Film
    • Amitabh Bachchan Hits Back At Troll After He Accuses Superstar Of Plagiarizing Quote
    • Kanika Kapoor Shares Emotional Note After Testing Positive For COVID-19 For The Fourth Time!
    • Woohoo! Ananya Panday Clocks 10 Million Followers On Instagram
    • Kanika Kapoor Tests Coronavirus Positive For The Fourth Time, Family Members Concerned!
    • Twinkle Khanna Reveals What Akshay Kumar Said About Donating Rs 25 Crore To Coronavirus Relief
    • Arjun Kapoor Reveals When He Will Work With Katrina Kaif!
    • Siddhant Chaturvedi Opens Up On His Bollywood Journey: Shah Rukh Khan Inspired Me Greatly
    • Arshad Warsi: Like Doing Complex, Layered Roles But Don't Get Offered Much
    • Ayushmann Khurrana Pleads People To Follow Lockdown; Says It’s Not The Time To Be Irresponsible
White Spots On Nails ( Leukonychia): Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
Boldsky | 4th Dec, 2019 04:00 PM

Small white spots or streaks on the nails are seen in most people. These white spots usually appear on the fingernails or toenails and this condition is called leukonychia, a very common issue that is pretty harmless. In this article, we will discuss what is leukonychia, its causes, symptoms and how it can be treated.

What Causes White Spots On Nails ( Leukonychia)

It is a condition where white spots develop on the nail plate. It occurs due to an allergic reaction, nail injury, fungal infection, or mineral deficiency .

Allergic reaction - An allergic reaction to nail polish, nail gloss or nail polish remover may cause white spots on nails. Using excessive acrylic or gel nails can damage your nails badly and may cause white spots.

Nail injury - An injury to the nail bed may also cause white spots on the nails. These injuries include shutting your fingers in a door, hitting your nails against a table, striking your finger with a hammer .

Fungal infection - Nail fungus can also cause small white dots on the nails, resulting in flaky and brittle skin .

Mineral deficiency - If your body is lacking in certain vitamins or minerals, you may notice white spots or dots on your nails. The most common deficiencies are zinc deficiency and calcium deficiency .

Additional causes of white spots on nails are heart disease, kidney failure, eczema, pneumonia, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, psoriasis, and arsenic poisoning.

Types Of White Spots On Nails ( Leukonychia)

Punctate leukonychia - It is a type of leukonychia, in which one or more white spots develop on the nails. It often occurs as a result of injury to the nail, such as nail-biting or smashing the nail .

Longitudinal leukonychia - It is a less common type of leukonychia, which has a lengthwise band of white nail .

Striate or transverse leukonychia - It is characterized by one or more horizontal lines that appear across the nail .

Symptoms Of White Spots On Nails (Leukonychia)
  • Tiny small dots
  • Larger dots
  • Larger lines across the nail
Diagnosis Of White Spots On Nails (Leukonychia)

If you notice that the white spots on the nails are appearing and disappearing on their own, then you needn't worry. But, make sure that your nails aren't getting injured.

However, if you notice that the spots are still there and becoming worse, it's time to consult a doctor. The doctor will ask about your medical history and perform some blood tests to rule out what's causing them.

Nail biopsy is also done where the doctor removes a small piece of tissue and sends it for testing.

Treatment Of White Spots On Nails (Leukonychia)

The treatment varies depending on the causes of leukonychia.

  • Treating allergies - If you are noticing that the white spots are caused due to nail paints or any other nail products, stop using them immediately.
  • Treating nail injuries - Nail injuries don't require any kind of treatment. As the nail grows, the white spots will move up to the nail bed and over time, the spots will go away completely.
  • Treating fungal infection - Oral anti-fungal medications will be prescribed for treating fungal nail infections and this treatment procedure may take up to three months.
  • Treating mineral deficiency - The doctor will prescribe you multivitamin or mineral supplements. These medicines may be taken along with other supplements to help the body absorb the mineral better.
Prevention Of White Spots On Nails (Leukonychia)
  • Avoid contact with substances that cause irritation
  • Avoid excessive use of nail polish
  • Apply moisturiser on the nails to prevent drying
  • Cut your nails short

   
 
Health and Life
  • Coronavirus Face Masks: Types, When And How To Use
  • Are Pets At The Risk Of Coronavirus?
  • What Is Bioterrorism?
    • How To Take Care Of A Patient With Suspected Or Confirmed COVID-19
    • Tips For A Healthy Work From Home During Covid-19 Lockdown
    • Can Vitamin C Help Prevent COVID-19?
      • 15 Deadly Viruses In Human History Apart From COVID-19
      • Coronavirus: How To Promote Physical Well-Being During Self-quarantine
      • What Is Contact Tracing? Is it Effective To Control COVID-19 Spread?
        • 10 Tips On How To Live Well With Epilepsy
        • Coronavirus: How To Maintain A Healthy Diet During Self-Quarantine
        • Why Smokers Are At Higher Risk Of Getting Coronavirus
          • Purple Day (Epilepsy Awareness Day): Epilepsy Causes, Symptoms, Triggers, Risk factors & Treatment
          • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
          • Coronavirus Vs Flu: Know The Similarities And Differences
            • Coronavirus And People With Disabilities: What You Need To Know
            • How To Handle Corona Positive Dead Bodies
            • Coronavirus: Can Survivor’s Blood Help Fight The Virus In Others?