Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Vikrant Massey Reveals His Birthday Plans & It’s Every Bit Cute!
    • After Sister Rhea Kapoor, Sonam Kapoor To Produce A Film With Husband Anand Ahuja
    • Sana Saeed, Stuck In US, Shares Her Ordeal After She Lost Her Father On Janta Curfew Day!
    • Jacqueline Fernandez Amid COVID-19 Lockdown: 'I Wanted My Parents To Be With Me Right Now'
    • ‘Kanika Kapoor Was Asked To Change Clothes Behind A Curtain’ Says Her Family
    • Ranbir Kapoor-Alia Bhatt's Wedding Functions To Begin From This Date? An Insider Spills The Beans!
    • Taapsee Pannu Shares Picture Of Her Tattoo Trial For Pink: Girls Wanted Similar Tattoos Afterwards
    • After Badshah, Singer Payal Dev Reacts To 'Genda Phool' Credit Row!
    • Shah Rukh Khan And Red Chillies Announce 7 Initiatives For Fighting COVID-19!
    • Kareena Kapoor Khan Trolls Arjun Kapoor When He Tells His Male Fans To Take Charge Of House Chores
    • Rishi Kapoor Requests People To Not Indulge In Violence During ‘Coronavirus War’
    • Vicky Kaushal Says He Will Meet His Loved Ones Soon After Lockdown; Does That Include Katrina Kaif?
    • Karisma Kapoor Pledges To Donate To PM-CARES And Maharashtra CM’s Relief Fund
    • COVID-19: Milind Soman Goes Out On Mumbai Streets For Groceries Amid Lockdown; Shares Photos
Gynaecomastia (Enlarged Breasts In Men): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
Boldsky | 5th Dec, 2019 05:52 PM

Gynaecomastia (enlarged breasts) is a common condition in newborn children, adolescents, and elderly males. The prevalence of gynaecomastia is 60%-90% in neonates, 50%-60% in adolescents, and up to 70% in men aged 50 to 69 years .

Gynaecomastia is usually caused by an increase in oestrogen activity, a decrease in testosterone activity, or the use of certain medications. This often results in anxiety among patients with gynaecomastia.

Let's get into the details of what causes gynaecomastiaand how it's diagnosed and treated.

What Causes Gynaecomastia

All males and females have both the hormones: oestrogen and testosterone, but usually testosterone is higher in males and oestrogen is higher in females. The female hormone oestrogen is responsible for the growth of breast tissues, while the male hormone testosterone stops oestrogen from making the breast tissues grow. When there is an increase in the hormone oestrogen and a decrease in the hormone testosterone, gynaecomastia occurs .

Gynaecomastia can affect one or both the breasts in men. It isn't a serious condition, but many men can't cope with it because they feel embarrassed.

Other medical conditions that cause gynaecomastia are liver cirrhosis, hyperthyroidism, chronic renal failure, testicular tumours, obesity, lack of nutrition, hypoandrogenism, and hypogonadism.

Certain drugs that cause gynaecomastia include oestrogens, anabolic steroids, diazepam, finasteride, spironolactone, cimetidine, ketoconazole, and metronidazole .

It is estimated that 10%-20% of gynaecomastia cases are caused due to the use of medications .

Shocking Facts On Gynecomastia (Male Breasts)!

Symptoms Of Gynaecomastia
  • Swollen breasts
  • Breast tenderness
  • Breast discharge
Risk Factors Of Gynaecomastia
  • Adolescence
  • Age
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Use of anabolic steroids or androgens
Complications Of Gynaecomastia

Gynaecomastia has few physical complications, but it can cause psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, body dissatisfaction, eating disorder, and low self-esteem .

When To See A Doctor

Consult a doctor when you experience swelling or tenderness in the breasts and nipple discharge in one or both breasts.

Diagnosis Of Gynaecomastia

The doctor will first ask about your medical and drug history, then ask about your symptoms and physically examine you. If the breasts are abnormally large, tender, and having a nipple discharge, blood tests and mammograms are conducted. Based on these test results, CT scans, MRI scans, testicular ultrasounds, and tissues biopsies are performed.

Treatment Of Gynaecomastia Medications

Medications such as tamoxifen and anastrozole can aid in the treatment of gynaecomastia. Tamoxifen is a medicine that blocks the activity of oestrogen in the body and reduces breast enlargement in men.

Aromatase inhibitors such as anastrozole can help in the treatment and prevention of gynaecomastia in males.

Effective Treatment For Gynecomastia Recommended By An Expert

Surgery

Surgery is another treatment option, which include the following:

  • Liposuction - This surgery is performed to remove the excess breast fat and glandular tissue. It is carried out using one or two small incisions on each side of the chest. This is followed by draining of the fat from either one of the incisions .
  • Mastectomy - This type of surgery involves removing the breast gland tissues from the breast therefore leaving the skin, nipple and areola intact .
   
 
Health and Life
  • Nutrition Tips For People With Epilepsy
  • How To Mind Our Minds During COVID-19 Lockdown
  • Coronavirus And Cancer Patients: What You Need To Know
    • World Autism Awareness Day: What Is High-Functioning Autism? Its Causes And Diagnosis
    • COVID-19: How Does Quarantine Affect Your Mental Health?
    • 10 Best Kitchen-Friendly Herbs To Boost Immunity During COVID-19
      • Coronavirus Linked To Heart Disease, Says Study
      • 5 Best Fruits To Eat During Pregnancy
      • COVID-19: What Is Community Transmission? Has It Affected India Yet?
        • Coronaviurus: What Is Covid-19 Pneumonia? How Does It Affect The Lungs?
        • Obese People Are At An Increased Risk Of Contracting COVID-19, Says Study
        • Coronavirus: US Doctors Identify A Drug Combination Suitable For Covid-19 Treatment
          • Covid-19 Lockdown: Simple Exercises You Can Do At Home
          • What Is Convalescent Plasma Therapy? Is It Effective To Fight COVID-19?
          • Coronavirus Face Masks: Types, When And How To Use
            • Are Pets At The Risk Of Coronavirus?
            • What Is Bioterrorism?
            • How To Take Care Of A Patient With Suspected Or Confirmed COVID-19
              • Tips For A Healthy Work From Home During Covid-19 Lockdown
              • Can Vitamin C Help Prevent COVID-19?
              • 15 Deadly Viruses In Human History Apart From COVID-19