Varicose veins, also known as varicoses, are enlarged, swollen and twisted veins that most commonly affect the legs. It is estimated that around 25 per cent of adults are affected by varicose veins and the condition is most common in women.What Causes Varicose Veins
The arteries in our body carry blood from the heart to the rest of the tissues and the veins return blood from the rest of the body to your heart, so that there is blood recirculation.
The veins have one-way valves, which means the blood can travel only in one direction. If the veins are damaged and not working properly, the blood can flow backwards. This leads to the accumulation of blood in the veins rather than travelling to the heart. This, in turn, causes the veins to stretch, twist and become enlarged and swollen.
The veins which are farthest away from the heart are most affected, like the legs. This is due to the gravity that makes it difficult for the blood to flow back to the heart.Symptoms Of Varicose Veins
To diagnose varicose veins, the doctor will physically examine you and check your legs for swelling. The doctor then recommends some diagnostic tests which include the following:
Self-care and compression stockings are the treatment procedures for varicose veins. And if the condition doesn't improve with these treatment procedures, the doctor will suggest the following treatment options: