Home » Health
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Riya Sen Felt Terrible Being Labeled ‘Sexy’ When She Was Only 16
    • Tahira Kashyap Would Love To Direct Hubby Ayushmann Khurana; 'I Need To Earn That Position'
    • When Wajid Khan Complained To Salman Khan About Being Irritated With His Brother Sajid Khan!
    • Nawazuddin Siddiqui And Anurag Kashyap Starrer Ghoomketu Teaser Out Now
    • Shahid Kapoor Coolly Reacts To Kabir Singh Being Snubbed At Award Ceremonies
    • INOX Theatres Slams Gulabo Sitabo OTT Release Announcement: Read Full Statement
    • Mouni Roy Gushes Over Lovebirds Ranbir Kapoor And Alia Bhatt!
    • Ira Khan Pens Emotional Note On The Death Of Aamir Khan's Assistant Amos: ‘Legends Never Die'
    • Here's Why Salman Khan Decided To Release Tere Bina Amid Lockdown: We Wanted To Keep Ourselves Busy
    • Dimple Kapadia Thought Akshay Kumar Was Gay When He Asked For Twinkle's Hand In Marriage
    • Bollywood Cinematographer Nadeem Khan In Critical Condition At Lilavati Hospital
    • Arjun Kapoor On Whether Sandeep Aur Pinky Faraar Will Release Digitally
    • Coronavirus Scare: Why Did Priyanka Chopra Return To America Despite Sensing Lockdown In Advance?
    • Saif Ali Khan Used To Cry Looking At Sara-Ibrahim's Pictures Post Divorce
Why Smokers Are At Higher Risk Of Getting Coronavirus
Boldsky | 26th Mar, 2020 03:00 PM

Coronavirus has been a major concern since its outbreak due to its contagious nature. Lakhs of people have been infected worldwide out of which some have died and many have recovered. Medical experts say that people with a weak immune system, older adults and people with a preexisting medical condition are more prone to getting infected by COVID-19, which is true as the condition of these people get worse in the presence of coronavirus. But one of the frequently asked question is whether smokers are at higher risk of COVID-19 or not?

According to the World Health Organization, smokers are more vulnerable to COVID-19. This is because when smokers touch their mouth with contaminated fingers, the virus comes in contact with the mouth and enters into the body. Also, when they share cigarettes, it facilitates the transmission of coronavirus to others..

Coronavirus And Smoking

People who smoke already have compromised lungs or respiratory system. It is because harmful particles from the tobacco move deeply into the respiratory tract and get deposited to the alveoli of the lungs. The deposition of toxins or carcinogens increases the risk of cancer in the lungs including the mouth. [1]

COVID-19 is a disease that mainly affects the respiratory system of a person and causes them mild to severe respiratory problems like shortness of breath, cough and pneumonia. Medical experts say that when coronavirus enters the respiratory tract, they first cause inflammation of the air passage followed by irritation of the lining of the airways. This result in a persistent cough and shortness of breath which are the mild symptoms of COVID-19.

If the condition progresses, the viruses reach the alveoli or air sacs and infect them too. Due to the infection of the alveoli, an inflammatory material is released in the air sacs which makes them inflamed. This inflammatory substance is usually in a fluid form. The condition leads to pneumonia as the body is unable to receive enough oxygen due to the deposition of fluid in the air sacs.

In the case of COVID-19, a large portion of the lungs gets affected. Even if the immune system tries to fight against the infection, they are unable to do so effectively as the viruses are new to the human body. However, the main concern is that people who already have compromised lungs due to smoking get the symptoms early compared to people who do not smoke.

Effects On Immunity

According to a study, approximately half of the adults who have a pneumococcal disease are smokers. Also, there is a 51% increased risk of pneumococcal disease in people who smoke cigarettes, 17% in people who are passive smokers as well as 14% in people with chronic diseases. [2]

If we look into the previous reports of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that occurred in the year 2012, smokers and people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) got infected sooner compared to healthy individuals or people who do not smoke. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases says that people who smoke have increased levels of a protein called Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) that makes lung cells more susceptible to getting infected by MERS coronavirus.[3]

The Pain Point

There are many types of smokers like chain smokers, occasional smokers and passive smokers. The pain point is many occasional smokers think that as they smoke only one-two cigarettes a day, they are less prone to the infection than chain smokers. The same goes with passive smokers as they think they are unlikely to get any lung disease as they do not smoke. However, the irony is that they are all equally prone to coronavirus or any respiratory disease as chain smokers because their lungs are getting exposed to the carcinogens or toxins in one or the other ways. [4]

Coronavirus And E-Cigarettes

According to a study published in the Centre For Tobacco Control Research And Education by Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, exposure to e-cigarettes or vaping are also responsible to suppress the effect of the immune system in the body. The immunosuppressive effect of e-cigarettes is harmful at the gene level as it is known to alter the expression of more than 60 genes in our body. The study also suggests that e-cigarettes can impair the functionality of the neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) that help bind pathogens inside the body.

Advice For Smokers

Quitting smoking can be the best health decision of your life. We know that it requires a lot of mental determination to quit smoking but considering the fatal symptoms of COVID-19 infection, this is the best one could do to prevent the severe complications of the disease. Stopping smoking will not only improve the lung function but will also make you less vulnerable to the COVID-19 that mainly affects the respiratory system of a person.

There a large group of smokers who might have thought to quit smoking someday while forgot to actually give it a second thought later. For those, this is the best time to quit smoking completely and start a healthy life.

Health and Life
  • Foods to Eat And Avoid For Metabolic Syndrome
  • Acute Kidney Failure: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
  • 10 Home Remedies That May Help Heal Mouth Ulcers
    • Zoonotic Diseases: Types, Risk Factors, Transmission And Prevention
    • Lazy Eye (Amblyopia): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Did You Know That Crying Is Actually Good For Your Health?
      • Kabasura Kudineer: Ingredients, Benefits And Side Effects Of This Polyherbal Medicine
      • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • Why Small Pulse Oximeter Is Becoming A Major Tool For Doctors During The COVID-19 Pandemic
        • Oral (Tongue And Lip) Piercing: Risks, Dos, Don’ts And Self-care Tips
        • The Human Body: Know About Anatomy, Facts And Chemical Composition
        • 12 Home Remedies To Relieve Pneumonia Symptoms
          • COVID-19: List Of Drugs That May Fight Coronavirus Symptoms
          • International Nurses Day 2020: 8 Nutrition Tips For Nurses To Stay Fit And Healthy
          • Food Allergy Awareness Week 2020: What Is A Food Allergy? Common Allergens, Symptoms & Risk Factors
            • Osteoarthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
            • COVID-19: Scientists Identify Mutation In Coronavirus, Similar To SARS
            • Mother’s Day 2020: Health Tips For Busy Moms
              • COVID-19 & Hypertension: What You Need To Know
              • COVID-19: Is It Safe To Wear Contact Lenses During The Pandemic?
              • Can HIV Transmit Through Oral Sex?