Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Gajraj Rao Slams Rumour Mongering During Coronavirus Crisis: People Must Control Their Actions
    • Taapsee Pannu Supports Gulabo Sitabo And Shakuntala Devi’s Digital Release!
    • VIRAL VIDEO: Shah Rukh Khan And Kajol Groove To Salman Khan’s Prem Ratan Dhan Payo Song
    • Goldie Behl Talks About Sonali Bendre’s Illness: It Was A Life Altering Situation For All Of Us
    • Zareen Khan Took Up A Job At A Call Centre After Class 12 To Provide For Her Family
    • Salman Khan And Jacqueline Fernandez Starrer Love Song ‘Tere Bina’ Breaks Records
    • Ali Fazal Wishes He Could Go And Meet Richa Chadha, Opens Up About Spending Time In Quarantine
    • When Rishi Kapoor Slammed Vyjayanthimala For Denying Her Affair With Raj Kapoor: I Was Livid
    • Flashback Friday: Aishwarya Rai Is Beauty Personified In Her Look Test As Paro For SRK's Devdas
    • PVR Opens Up About Producers Opting To Release Films Directly On Streaming Platforms
    • Nawazuddin Siddiqui And Anurag Kashyap Starrer Ghoomketu Teaser Out Now
    • Ibrahim Ali Khan Is Missing His Lads, Sings ‘Young, Dumb And Broke' After Cancelling Graduation Trip
    • Suhana Khan's No-Makeup Pictures: Mom Gauri Khan Shows Off Her Photography Skills Amid Lockdown
    • Lilly Singh’s Dancing Tribute To Madhuri Dixit Has Forced Us To Reminisce Our Childhood!
    • Producers Guild Slams INOX And PVR For Criticising Direct-To-OTT Film Releases Amid COVID-19 Crisis
    • Kareena Kapoor Khan Says Homemade Masks Are Summer Essentials In Her Latest Post
    • Ranbir Kapoor-Alia Bhatt Ask Paparazzi To Stay Safe And Wear Masks Amid COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Vicky Kaushal On Birthday Celebrations As A Kid: 'It Was Just About Having A Good Time With Friends'
Why Bats Themselves Don’t Get Infected By Viruses
Boldsky | 3rd Apr, 2020 08:30 PM

With the spread of COVID-19, health experts and researchers are continuously involved in finding the origin of the virus and its transmission to humans. To mention, COVID-19 is a type of coronavirus which is zoonotic. Meaning, the viruses get transmitted to humans from an animal source.

COVID-19 is believed to be similar to SARS-CoV which has originated from bats and got transmitted to civets and then humans. According to a study published on 3 February 2020, genome sequence obtained from COVID-19 patients were found to be 76.6 per cent identical to SARS-Cov. The study also shows that the whole-genome level of COVID-19 is 96 per cent identical to bat coronavirus. This gives insight that the outbreak of COVID-19 can be associated with bats. [1]

Why Bats Are the Source Of Many Infectious Diseases?

Bats are known to carry a variety of zoonotic pathogens. They belong to the second-largest group of mammals including around 19 families and 962 species worldwide. Bats contain more than 130 varieties of viruses out of which 60 species are considered zoonotic and highly pathogenic to humans. [2]

According to a study, bats are considered a reservoir of viruses due to amazing characteristics like food choices, population structure, solitary nature, seasonal migration, flying ability. Life span, hibernation, virus susceptibility and daily movement patterns. [3]

Bats are highly linked to previous pandemic outbreaks like Ebola, SARS and Nipah. This is because of the high contact between bats and humans for its meat or use in industrial products. The other reason is that different species of bats live in colonies or crowded together which makes the transmission of viruses easy among them. They also shed the virus in the environment through faeces, saliva or urine which get transmitted to humans easily.

Why Bats Themselves Don't Get Infected By The Viruses?

Bats have a long span life and can live up to 35 years. Their long life makes them sustainable to many viruses which infects them persistently. With increase in the number of viruses infecting them, their immune systems develop antibodies and become resistant against the viruses.. This is the reason why bats usually don't get infected with zoonotic viruses but may cause severe illnesses when those viruses get transmitted to humans.

Another reason is the bats' ability to fly. Bats are the world's only flying mammal. When they fly, their metabolic rate increases to 15-16 fold, which is double to the metabolic rate of running rodents and eight times higher than flying birds. Also, their body temperature spikes high during the flight. The strong metabolic rate and high body temperature help in the development of a much stronger immune system which prevents from getting infected with many viruses. [4]

   
 
Health and Life
  • 10 Home Remedies That May Help Heal Mouth Ulcers
  • Zoonotic Diseases: Types, Risk Factors, Transmission And Prevention
  • Lazy Eye (Amblyopia): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Did You Know That Crying Is Actually Good For Your Health?
    • Kabasura Kudineer: Ingredients, Benefits And Side Effects Of This Polyherbal Medicine
    • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • Why Small Pulse Oximeter Is Becoming A Major Tool For Doctors During The COVID-19 Pandemic
      • Oral (Tongue And Lip) Piercing: Risks, Dos, Don’ts And Self-care Tips
      • The Human Body: Know About Anatomy, Facts And Chemical Composition
        • 12 Home Remedies To Relieve Pneumonia Symptoms
        • COVID-19: List Of Drugs That May Fight Coronavirus Symptoms
        • International Nurses Day 2020: 8 Nutrition Tips For Nurses To Stay Fit And Healthy
          • Food Allergy Awareness Week 2020: What Is A Food Allergy? Common Allergens, Symptoms & Risk Factors
          • Osteoarthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
          • COVID-19: Scientists Identify Mutation In Coronavirus, Similar To SARS
            • Mother’s Day 2020: Health Tips For Busy Moms
            • COVID-19 & Hypertension: What You Need To Know
            • COVID-19: Is It Safe To Wear Contact Lenses During The Pandemic?
              • Can HIV Transmit Through Oral Sex?
              • International No Diet Day 2020: What Are Eating Disorders?
              • 10 Tips To Stay Healthy In Summer