Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Gajraj Rao Slams Rumour Mongering During Coronavirus Crisis: People Must Control Their Actions
    • Taapsee Pannu Supports Gulabo Sitabo And Shakuntala Devi’s Digital Release!
    • VIRAL VIDEO: Shah Rukh Khan And Kajol Groove To Salman Khan’s Prem Ratan Dhan Payo Song
    • Goldie Behl Talks About Sonali Bendre’s Illness: It Was A Life Altering Situation For All Of Us
    • Zareen Khan Took Up A Job At A Call Centre After Class 12 To Provide For Her Family
    • Salman Khan And Jacqueline Fernandez Starrer Love Song ‘Tere Bina’ Breaks Records
    • Ali Fazal Wishes He Could Go And Meet Richa Chadha, Opens Up About Spending Time In Quarantine
    • When Rishi Kapoor Slammed Vyjayanthimala For Denying Her Affair With Raj Kapoor: I Was Livid
    • Flashback Friday: Aishwarya Rai Is Beauty Personified In Her Look Test As Paro For SRK's Devdas
    • PVR Opens Up About Producers Opting To Release Films Directly On Streaming Platforms
    • Nawazuddin Siddiqui And Anurag Kashyap Starrer Ghoomketu Teaser Out Now
    • Ibrahim Ali Khan Is Missing His Lads, Sings ‘Young, Dumb And Broke' After Cancelling Graduation Trip
    • Suhana Khan's No-Makeup Pictures: Mom Gauri Khan Shows Off Her Photography Skills Amid Lockdown
    • Lilly Singh’s Dancing Tribute To Madhuri Dixit Has Forced Us To Reminisce Our Childhood!
    • Producers Guild Slams INOX And PVR For Criticising Direct-To-OTT Film Releases Amid COVID-19 Crisis
    • Kareena Kapoor Khan Says Homemade Masks Are Summer Essentials In Her Latest Post
    • Ranbir Kapoor-Alia Bhatt Ask Paparazzi To Stay Safe And Wear Masks Amid COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Vicky Kaushal On Birthday Celebrations As A Kid: 'It Was Just About Having A Good Time With Friends'
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
Boldsky | 14th May, 2020 05:12 PM
  • Causes Of Premenstrual Syndrome

    The exact cause of premenstrual syndrome is unknown. However, some researchers believe the following factors to be causes of premenstrual syndrome.

    Hormonal changes - A fluctuation in the oestrogen and progesterone hormones could cause irritability, mood swings and headache [2].

    Chemical changes in the brain - Fluctuation in serotonin levels can trigger premenstrual symptoms. Serotonin is a chemical in your brain that plays a crucial role in mood, emotions and thoughts [2].

    Sex hormones - Fluctuations in sex hormones triggers the symptoms of PMS.

    Menstrual Hygiene Day 2019: What You Need To Know About Your Periods


  • Symptoms Of Premenstrual Syndrome

    The symptoms are often mild, but it can become severe [3]. According to the American Family Physician, upto 85 per cent of menstruating women have one or more premenstrual symptoms.

    Physical symptoms

    • Breast tenderness and swelling
    • Headache
    • Back pain
    • Stomach pain
    • Bloating
    • Water retention
    • Weight gain
    • Nausea
    • Muscle and joint pain

    Emotional symptoms

    • Anger
    • Irritability
    • Depressed mood
    • Anxiety
    • Tension
    • Crying
    • Mood swings
    • Lack of concentration
    • Confusion
    • Restlessness
    • Forgetfulness
    • Loneliness
    • Decrease in self-esteem

    Behavioural symptoms

    • Fatigue
    • Dizziness
    • Insomnia
    • Food cravings or overeating
    • Changes in sexual interest


  • Risk Factors Of Premenstrual Syndrome

    • A family history of PMS.

    • A family history of depression.

    • History of depression or mood disorders like bipolar disorder or postpartum depression [4].

    • Domestic violence.

    • Substance abuse.

    • Physical and emotional trauma.

    • High levels of stress.

    13 Common Foods To Make Your Periods Heavier

    When To See A Doctor

    If you are unable to manage your PMS and it is affecting your health and daily activities, consult a doctor.


  • Diagnosis Of Premenstrual Syndrome

    The diagnostic criteria for PMS are based on the following symptoms [5].

    • The presence of at least five symptoms in the luteal phase and at least one of which must be a mood symptom, which includes anxiety or tension, depressed mood and persistent anger and irritability.

    • Marked affective lability like feeling suddenly sad or tearful.

    • Decreased interest in usual activities.

    • Lethargy

    • Difficulty in concentrating.

    • Marked changes in appetite

    • Hypersomnia or insomnia.

    • Being overwhelmed or out of control


  • Treatment Of Premenstrual Syndrome

    A change in lifestyle and medications can bring relief from PMS symptoms.

    Medications

    Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) -They are considered effective in relieving PMS symptoms as compared to anti-depressants. It lowers mood symptoms and improves the quality of life and social activities. The SRIs that have been shown to be effective are fluoxetine, citalopram, escitalopram, paroxetine, sertraline and venlafaxine [6].

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) - These medications are given to ease abdominal cramping and breast swelling and tenderness.

    Vitamin supplements - Calcium, folic acid, vitamin B6 and magnesium can ease cramps and reduce mood swings [6].

    Influenza Type A And B: Differences, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention


  • Lifestyle Changes

    • Drink plenty of water to reduce abdominal pain.
    • Eat a well-balanced diet.
    • Reduce the intake of sugar, salt, caffeine and alcohol.
    • Sleep for at least eight hours at night.
    • Engage in 30 minutes of exercise such as walking, cycling or swimming.
    • Try doing deep-breathing exercises to relieve stress.

    Common FAQs

    1. Does PMS get worse with age?

    A. Yes, the PMS symptoms may worsen as you reach your late 30s or 40s and attain menopause.

    2. How long does PMS last?

    A. Before menstruation starts, PMS symptoms can begin on the 14th day of the cycle and last until seven days after the menstruation starts.

    3. What kind of health problems do PMS have an effect on?

    A. PMS can affect depression and anxiety disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome and bladder pain syndrome.




Most women experience certain signs like breast tenderness, irritation, craving for sweets, moodiness, bloating, stomach pain or headache one to two weeks before their period [1]. And some of these symptoms can affect your daily life activities. By now, you may have probably understood that we are talking about premenstrual syndrome (PMS), a common condition that affects more than 90 per cent of women.

What Is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual syndrome is a combination of physical, emotional or behavioural changes that starts just days or weeks before menstruation begins. It happens every month during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.

About five to eight per cent of women of reproductive age have PMS and most of these women tend to suffer from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) [2]. PMDD is a severe form of PMS that may interfere with work, social activities and relationships.

   
 
Health and Life
  • 10 Home Remedies That May Help Heal Mouth Ulcers
  • Zoonotic Diseases: Types, Risk Factors, Transmission And Prevention
  • Lazy Eye (Amblyopia): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Did You Know That Crying Is Actually Good For Your Health?
    • Kabasura Kudineer: Ingredients, Benefits And Side Effects Of This Polyherbal Medicine
    • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
      • Why Small Pulse Oximeter Is Becoming A Major Tool For Doctors During The COVID-19 Pandemic
      • Oral (Tongue And Lip) Piercing: Risks, Dos, Don’ts And Self-care Tips
      • The Human Body: Know About Anatomy, Facts And Chemical Composition
        • 12 Home Remedies To Relieve Pneumonia Symptoms
        • COVID-19: List Of Drugs That May Fight Coronavirus Symptoms
        • International Nurses Day 2020: 8 Nutrition Tips For Nurses To Stay Fit And Healthy
          • Food Allergy Awareness Week 2020: What Is A Food Allergy? Common Allergens, Symptoms & Risk Factors
          • Osteoarthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
          • COVID-19: Scientists Identify Mutation In Coronavirus, Similar To SARS
            • Mother’s Day 2020: Health Tips For Busy Moms
            • COVID-19 & Hypertension: What You Need To Know
            • COVID-19: Is It Safe To Wear Contact Lenses During The Pandemic?
              • Can HIV Transmit Through Oral Sex?
              • International No Diet Day 2020: What Are Eating Disorders?
              • 10 Tips To Stay Healthy In Summer